javelin training

Last Updated on January 3, 2023 by Andrew Pirie

Javelin Training

What equipment is needed for javelin throwing?

Javelin (obviously) and pair of athletic shoes with spikes in the heels as well as the toes. Crucial to being able to “block” with one leg allowing the body, arm, and implement to whip forward like a trebuchet.

Purpose-made javelin boots are best, but high jump shoes can work.

There are other minor things, but these are the crucial pieces of equipment.


Is javelin throwing dangerous?

Yes, a javelin thrown properly is dangerous, even quite deadly!. You need to understand that many If not most of the original Olympic throwing events were ancient military weapons.

Examples are; the javelin (a variation of the spear), the discus (an edged disc that could remove limbs or even ahead). The shotput( a heavy ball ( thrown toward a group of enemy soldiers so that it might crush someone’s head). So yes, the javelin is very dangerous if it is thrown toward an animal or human.


Why is speed important in javelin throw?

Speed is a rather important part of momentum. In throwing the javelin, or as we like to call it in the movies, the spear. It is considered beneficial to run and build up momentum so that it, together with the strength of the arm and the upper body, is transferred to the spear when we stop and release it.

Then, the momentum is changed to force to overcome gravity and air resistance and achieve increased distance. I forget the formula; it’s in your text.


What are some easy javelin throwing techniques that inexperienced players can learn?

Not the answer you want, but throwing the javelin is not easy. It is technically challenging to learn, especially for those from other throwing sports, such as baseball, where the biomechanics are different.

That said, there are key, basic techniques that will make future javelin throwing easier. First, “throwing through the tip” means applying the throwing force cleanly along the longitudinal axis of the javelin. Forces applied even a slight tangent will dramatically detract from the throw.


The javelin is notoriously finicky about its flight. The second main one is to learn to pull (not throw) the javelin over your center of mass (body), which is fundamental to applying the accelerating inertia from the approach to the spear. Working on those will lead to better future throwing.


How do I throw farther in javelin?

Firstly, if you are a professional athlete and if you are throwing javelin up to 50m. Then you have to do a perfect training in which you have to focus on 5 major things in my point of view

1. grip 2. coordination while crossing 3. release of javelin 4. block 5. speed and flexibility.

Now how to start training for increasing javelin.

Take a target of a particular year like I have taken a target of 65m. and right now, I am throwing 55m in crossing steps, and my target is to achieve 59- 60m in one month in crossing steps only.

So simply, I aim to achieve 60m in crossing steps because if I achieve the target of 60m in 1 month, then I will be able to throw 65m javelin on the full runway, and also my technique will be strong and have good base will be developed.

If you think you will be able to throw javelin 60m in 1 month easily, then you are wrong, bro; you have to work hard to throw javelin 60 m in one month.

Firstly you have to increase your speed and then coordinate crossing steps, and then you have to focus on the javelin release because if the release of the javelin is not good, then u will not be able to cross that fucking 60m mark.

Now, if you have done that 60m task, then you have to focus on the half runway that should be 15m only now do you have to generate power from that half runway. With the help of half runway, you will be able to throw 2–3m more likewise 63m now.

Now, if you are throwing 63 m from the half runway, you will also throw 65m throw in the full runway.

From my perspective, 60 to 65m javelin by half runway or full runway is quite easy because you are generating speed in it.

But in crossing steps. You are not getting that much speed then full runway. You are having only crossing steps and attack throw. So on my behalf, that 60 m marks are a little bit hard than 60 to 65m throw.  At my point of view you should have to work hard on that fucking 60m marks rather than 65m marks. Then only you will be able to reach that 65 m mark.

Last but not least, I will say that focus on grip, the release of javelin, crossing steps coordination, speed, and flexibility.


How do I throw farther in javelin?

Assuming you are already in top form throwing a javelin, you could increase potential range by using an amentum.

The amentum did several things to increase the range. First and foremost, it added a mechanical advantage in effect increasing the length of the throwing arm. Secondly, as the javelin was thrown, the leather thong unwound giving a rotational movement to the shaft.

The rotating of the shaft helps stabilize the javelin and allows the point of the javelin to process downwards as it passes the highest point in its flight and proceeds downwards along its projected final trajectory. This in turn allows the javelin to fly with the least amount of resistance—less drag as it were.


Why does a javelin thrower need flexibility?

Throwing the javelin requires an explosive muscular contraction involving several muscle groups across your whole core and through your hips and legs.

Having good flexibility in all those areas will increase your range of motion, allowing for potentially longer tosses, and insulate you from injury.


Why do javelin throwers scream?

Most throwers yell or grunt when throwing any implement, not just the javelin.  They believe that exhaling air rapidly gives them extra energy rather than holding the air inside.  This principle is also used in Karate, they yell when kicking or hitting.


Could a human throw a javelin 100 meters?

Yes. Uwe Hohn (East Germany) threw the javelin at 104.80 m. After that, the physique of the javelin was altered so that such extreme throws would no more be likely. The center of gravity has been moved forward. Trajectories longer than 95 m are dangerous – they can land on the running track or at the long jump pitch.

But that is not the longest trajectory ever. In 1956 the Spaniards found a loophole in the rules, and they developed the barra Vasca style based on an old Navarrese javelin throwing technique. In barra Vasca, the javelin is ejected like a discus by the thrower spinning a couple of revolutions around. The longest trajectory with this style was 112 m (Miguel de la Quadra-Salcedo in 1956).


Needless to say, barra Vasca was prohibited almost immediately.

It was incredibly dangerous to referees and spectators – only some 10% of the throws landed in the sector. Moreover, catching a baseball or ice hockey puck flown in the grandstand is fun, but not so much a javelin or a hammer. All records made with this style were disqualified and blotted.

We do not know how long would it be possible to throw the javelin with barra Vasca today, as the style is still prohibited today because of its dangerousness. The longest trajectory in Finland has been made with barra Vasca (Pentti Saarikoski in 1956, 99.25 m). Tapio Rautavaara, who won the London 1948 Olympics javelin with 69.52 m, threw 84.80 m on barra Vasca in 1956.

Javelin Throw
Javelin Throw

How do javelin throwers prevent hitting someone in the crowd?

  1. Understand that no method of prevention is 100%.
  2. Athletes performing with a “crowd” are usually somewhat skilled.
  3. There are physical restraints to add to the separation of spectators.
  4. However, … officials can’t control everything.

Some years ago, I was head field judge at a college invitational. The Referee and I had moved some ropes to add a little safety around the discus and javelin areas. We felt things were good.

A couple of hours later, I was walking my rounds of the events to check on the shot venue which was behind the javelin landing area. Watched over my shoulder until I was well beyond the ropes we had moved earlier. At that time a javelin landed about 30 feet beyond me.

It seems that one young man from a school in New York State had the third-longest throw that year and was considered an Olympic hopeful. So, things can happen.









By Andrew Pirie

Andrew was elected Vice President of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians in 2020 after being a member for 7 years. He has worked as a PSC Consultant and Research Assistant from 2013-2015, Consultant, and Sprint Coach at Zamboanga Sports Academy from 2015-2017. And Currently is Consultant Coach with VMUF 2021- Current editor and chief of Pinoyathletics.info, and has recently done consultancy work for Ayala Corp evaluating the Track and Field Program. Coaches Sprints, Middle and Jump events he is  Level 3 Athletics Australia Coaching Certification in Sprints and Hurdles. Currently working towards a Masters Degree in Education. He can be contacted on [email protected] You can find more information on Coaching here http://www.pinoyathletics.info/coaching-2/

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