What is the brief history of gymnastics?
What is the brief history of gymnastics
The sport of gymnastics, which derives its name from the ancient Greek word for disciplinary exercises, combines physical skills such as body control, coordination, dexterity, gracefulness, and strength with tumbling and acrobatic skills, all performed in an artistic manner.
At many levels, men and women perform Gymnastics. From local clubs and schools to colleges and universities. And in elite national and international competitions.
The History of Gymnastics In Ancient Egypt? – 7000 Years and Counting
Gymnastics was most likely first depicted in Egyptian artifacts. The art of Ancient Egypt depicts the earliest known evidence of gymnastics. Where female acrobats performed for the Pharaohs and the Egyptian nobility. Acrobats entertained Egyptian nobility around 7,000 years ago judging by ancient frescoes.
As far back as 5000 BC Many drawings have been dated and authenticated. These Egyptian hieroglyphs depict such gymnastics activities as backbend variations and partner stunts.
The ancient Egyptians invented many sports, some for entertainment, and others for keeping strong, physically fit, and slim.
The picture dates back to 2000 years BC. It shows a gymnastics drill in which the body is bent backward until the hand s touches the ground. Revealing bodily flexibility. It is one of the most commonly practiced exercises today.
No Bull Vaulting – Minoan Civilization
Beginning about 2,700 BC, acrobats would vault over the backs of bulls on the island of Crete. When the Minoan civilization flourished. At the Palace of Knossos in Crete, a well-known fresco records this. It depicts a vaulter performing what is either a cartwheel or handspring over a charging bull.
No Warm-Ups and No Practice Vaults
Both men and women performed The art of bull-leaping. Minoan Crete developed this. The athlete would run toward a charging bull.
Grab its horns. And when tossed into the air, would execute various aerial movements. Landing on the bull’s back. And dismount and land on his or her feet on the other side of the bull.
This early gymnastics-related event required both and strength, courage, grace, and style. Without really knowing, we could predict that this version of the sport had a very high injury and mortality rate.
The Spread of the Sport
By 800 BC, Greece, China, Persia, and India were using gymnastics for military training. Gymnastics, as practiced from early times, appears to have spread from Egypt to Greece and Rome.
To facilitate body development early Greek Civilization was introduced to gymnastics. For example, through a series of exercises that included running, jumping, swimming, throwing, wrestling, and weight lifting. Practiced in some form were many basic gymnastic events. Before the introduction by the Greeks of gymnazein, literally, “to exercise naked.”
In Ancient Greece a high valued attribute was Gymnastics. And both men and women participated in vigorous gymnastic exercises. The Romans, after conquering Greece, developed the activities into a more formal sport. And they used the gymnasiums to physically prepare their legions for warfare. With the decline of Rome, however, interest in gymnastics dwindled, with tumbling remaining as a form of entertainment.
Tumbling was an art form in ancient China as well. Stone engravings found in Shandong province that date to the Han period (206 BC–AD 220) portray acrobatics being performed.
Many of these exercises came to be included in the Olympic Games, until the abandonment of the Games in AD 393. Some of the competitions grouped under this ancient definition of gymnastics later became separate sports such as athletics (track and field), wrestling, and boxing.
In 1774, a Prussian, Johann Bernhard Basedow. Included physical exercises with other forms of instruction at his school in Dessau, Saxony. With this action began the modernization of gymnastics, and also thrust the Germanic countries into the forefront in the sport.
In the late 1700s, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn of Germany developed the sidebar, the horizontal bar, the parallel bars, the balance beam, and jumping events. Considered the “father of modern gymnastics”more than anyone else.
Gymnastics flourished in Germany in the 1800s. While in Sweden a more graceful form of the sport, stressing rhythmic movement, was developed by Guts Muth.
The opening (1811) of Jahn’s school in Berlin. To promote his version of the sport. This led to Europe and England forming many clubs.
The prime developer of natural gymnastics was Per Henrik Ling. In 1813 Ling founded a teacher-training center, the Royal Gymnastics Central Institute, in Stockholm. Ling devised and taught a system of gymnastic exercises designed to produce medical benefits for the athlete. Calisthenics is attributed to him, including free calisthenics—that is, exercises without the use of hand apparatus such as clubs, wands, and dumbbells. Although Ling did not promote competition, free calisthenics has evolved into a competitive sport now known as floor exercise.
Growth in the United States
Dr. Dudley Allen Sargent introduced gymnastics to the United States. He taught gymnastics in several U.S. universities. About the time of the Civil War. More than 30 pieces of apparatus Sargent invented.
Most of the growth of gymnastics in the United States centered on the activities of European immigrants, who introduced the sport in their new cities in the 1880s. Clubs were formed as Turnverein and Sokol groups, and gymnasts were often referred to as “turners.” Modern gymnastics excluded some traditional events, such as weight lifting and wrestling. And emphasized form rather than personal rivalry.
Men’s gymnastics was on the schedule of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896, and it has been on the Olympic agenda continually since 1924.
Olympic gymnastic competition for women began in 1936 with an all-around competition. And in 1952 competition for separate events was added. In the early Olympic competitions the dominant male gymnasts were from Germany, Sweden, Italy, and Switzerland, the countries where the sport first developed.
But by the 1950s, Japan, the Soviet Union, and the Eastern European countries began to produce the leading male and female gymnasts.
Apparatus and Events for women and men were standardized in a Modern Format at the 1954 Olympic Games. As a scoring system, a point system from 1 to 10 came into place.
And modern gymnastics gained considerable popularity because of the performances of Olga Korbut of the Soviet Union in the 1972 Olympics, and Nadia Comaneci of Romania in the 1976 Olympics.
In addition, the widespread television coverage of these dramatic performances gave the sport the publicity that it lacked in the past. And many countries other than the traditional mainstays at the time — the USSR, Japan, East, and West Germany, and other Eastern European nations — began to promote gymnastics, particularly for women; among these countries were China and the United States.
Modern International Competition
Modern international competition has six events for men and four events for women. While the men’s events are the rings, parallel bars, horizontal bar, side or pommel-horse, long or vaulting horse, and floor (or free) exercise.
These events emphasize upper body strength and flexibility along with acrobatics. The women’s events are the vaulting horse, balance beam, uneven bars, and floor exercise. During the floor, exercise music plays. While these events combine graceful, dancelike movements with strength and acrobatic skills. Many competitions include tumbling and trampoline in the United States.
Six Gymnasts make up teams for international competitions. While in the team competition, each gymnast performs on every piece of equipment, and the team with the highest number of points wins. There is also a separate competition for the all-around title, which goes to the gymnast with the highest point total after performing on each piece of equipment, and a competition to determine the highest score for each individual apparatus.
Rhythmic Gymnastics is another type of gymnastics for women. An Olympic sport since 1984. Acrobatic skills not used. The rhythmic gymnast performs graceful, dancelike movements while holding and moving items such as a ball, hoop, rope, ribbon, or Indian clubs, with musical accompaniment. Routines performed individually or in group performances for six gymnasts.
Youth Development Problems
The presence of a preponderance of teenage girls in the international gymnastics competition. From the late 1970s and into the 21st century was directly related to the Korbut-Comăneci phenomenon.
Many of these younger gymnasts, especially those who trained long hours for competitions. However, had not yet reached menarche. For example, some used doping techniques to delay the onset of physical maturation. And its resulting changes to a gymnast’s center of gravity and weight.
In addition, coaching these youngsters posed difficulties. Many were lured from or pushed by their families to train in unfamiliar surroundings.
2000 the age requirement for Olympic participants in gymnastics had been raised to 16 to offset some of these problems.
Carlo Yulo to receive PSA President’s Award
Above all big surprises come in small packages. Carlo Yulo provided one of the greatest moments in Philippine sports in the year. That has just passed as the diminutive 19-year-old made history. After winning the gold in the men’s floor exercise of the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Stuttgart, Germany. In addition, the feat made Yulo the first Filipino and male gymnast from Southeast Asia to claim gold in the world stage. Similarly, it was a twin feat for the 4-foot-11 Manila-born gymnast as he likewise secured a berth in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
Carlo Yulo is a world champion
Carlo Yulo has won the Men’s Floor exercise world title with a score of 15.3000. In conclusion, the Historic moment marks the first time in South East Asian History a world title has been won in this event.
1. We qualified a gymnast for the Olympics!
2. First time ever to qualify a gymnast in the Individual All-Around Final of any World Championship.
3. Our first-ever World Championship Gold Medal on any Apparatus.
Gymnastics Philippines – Carlo Yulo Qualifies for 2020 Olympics
In other words and then there was 2, Carlo Yulo 2nd Filipino to Qualify for Olympics
Well Done to Carlos Yulo, Gymnastics Association of the Philippines and GAP President CC. Norton.
In conclusion, Carlos Yulo qualified for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, for all-around ( 6 apparatus ).
In addition, Yulo was one of 12 athletes who secured a berth in the Olympics through the 49th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships in Stuttgart, Germany.
Above all the 19-year-old Yulo placed 16th in the individual all-around qualification to secure the Tokyo berth
Similarly Ernest Obiena – EJ Obiena passed the Olympic qualifying standard for pole vault in athletics meets in Italy in September.
Gymnastics SEA Games Updates
Will be played December 1 to 9 at World Trade Centre Halls, Metro Manila
Gymnastics and Dance Sports Philippines Gymnastics Adds 2 Golds for the Philippines: Capellan claims 4th Gold for the Philippines defends title
Reynald Yuson Capellan successfully defended his SEA Games title in Men’s Artistic Floor. In conclusion, Capellan ended with 13.950 points. Above all his win increases the Philippine Medal Tally to 4 Golds, 6 Silvers and 6 Bronzes. Capellan Gold in Singapore in 2015 ended a 10-year drought for the Philippines and he proved it was no fluke today.
However, Capellan, 23 started in Taekwondo but shifted to Gymnastics.
However, the second surprise came when Kaitlin De Guzman took Gold in the uneven Bars Gymnastics with 12.875 points. In the 2015 SEA Games, Tan Ing Yueh of Malaysia won from Ava Verdaflor of the Philippines and Farah Ann Abdul Hadi. However, the 17-year-old Filam from Rowlett, Texas played in her first SEA Games filling in for the injured Verdaflor.
Above all none could be happier than Gymnastic President Cynthia Carreon Norton who celebrated her birthday a few days ago. In other words, now has 46 more golds left to reach her Pre-SEA Games estimate.
In conclusion, Gymnastics Promised 2 Golds and delivered. However maybe they won’t keep to their promise and deliver more.
*Results Posted Later