400-Meter Training Articles
400-meter training is tough, no doubt.
This sprinting event is most likely to induce vomit, and the training itself can be a grueling task. The only issue is that training for this event is confusing.
No one seems to agree with what works best.
The following is a 400-meter training program based on the methods of Clyde Hart.
Many years ago, and stated that the 400-Meter Training was 90% anaerobic and 10% aerobic.
This thinking obviously led to coaches designing programs that were almost exclusively anaerobic.
400-meter training high-intensity long rest and planning a season
Such programs included flat-out sprints and long rests between repetitions.
A typical 400-meter training session might include five 150s at maximum pace and finished off with two 300s.
This leaves nothing in the tank at the end of the workout.
Now, let’s set the stage.
Say you have a season lasting seven months starting July.
Most coaches will try and make their athletes peak at one point during this season, generally at the most important race.
400-meter training the way Hart recommends that the athletes peak and start again each time they have a major competition rather than just having one peak.
Keep in mind that this program includes only the running portion. It is recommended that you take one of our strength programs and one of our plyometric programs and perform both of these three days per week.
400 Meter Training Planning
For the sake of this 400-meter training program, we will say that there is one major meet every six weeks.
For this reason, the program will be six weeks’ duration and will start again after every competition.
The only part that should change is the strength and power training, which should obviously be progressive.
Keep in mind also that 400-meter training need not just be for 400-meter runners.
This can often be a good running program for those wanting to increase general fitness, lose weight, or train for various team sports.
I must also state that this 400-meter training program is based on elite standards.
- Following this program as RXed is under the assumption that you are
- Running a sub-52sec 400-meter at your peak. The volume and repetition times should be adjusted to suit your current level.
- For a sprinter with a 400-meter time of 52 – 58 sec, you should scale back about 10%. For those running 58 – 64 sec, scale it back a further 10%.
Any slower runners than this, including beginners, should scale back significantly and adjust interval times to about 85% of race pace over each distance. It is advised that you also scale the program’s volume back by 10% as a beginner.
Weight Program 400m-Meter Training and 400m Meter Training Hurdles
from elite track forum
Speed days do the main lifts (Run in the morning, lift in the afternoon)
DAY #1- Power cleans 5×5 (Olympic Lift)
- Back Squat 5×5 (Core Lift)
- Bench 5×5 (Push)
- Lat pulldown 4×8 (Pull)
- hyperextensions and Abs
aux lift (bis tris abs traps calves)
Day #2- Push Press (Olympic lift)
- Deadlifts (core lift)
- Incline DB bench press (push)
- Tbar Rows (pull)
- hyperextensions and Abs
- aux lift (bis tris abs traps calves)
Day # 3
- Weighted dips (push)
- Hang Clean (Olympic Lift)
- Front Squats (Core Lift)
- Pull-Ups (Pull)
- hyperextensions and abs
Then repeat this cycle
400-Meter Training: Effective Training for a Grueling Race
by Drew Roberson
If you’re such a glutton for punishment that you want to run the 400-meter dash, then you’re going to need to know how to train for it.
If the sight of grown men vomiting at the finish line excites you, then enter the next 400-meter in your area, but please take some measures to lessen your pain.
Although the quarter-mile will never be an easy event, science and proper training can get you physically prepared for the task at hand.
A Finnish study, cited in Owen Anderson’s Running Research News, identified the two major energy sources for running the 400.
Anderson states, “As you plan your workouts, remember that muscles have two key ways to obtain energy during a 400:
(1) Creatine phosphate itself generates energy, and
(2) Glucose breaks down to form lactic acid.”
- The study also showed creatine phosphate is depleted by almost fifty percent after only 100 meters and then slowly depletes almost completely by 400 meters.
- Creatine phosphate levels do not return to normal levels for a full eight minutes following the race.
- Therefore, it would make sense for 400 runners to repeat 100s almost all out with five to eight-minute recoveries. These jaunts will increase the muscles’ ability to use creatine.
Since the discovery that lactic acid levels were highest at about 300 meters, Anderson concluded that 300s “do a fantastic job of maximizing muscles’ ability to break down glucose.
“200-meter sprints, however, were found to be inefficient for 400 training.
The creatine phosphate levels had already dropped in half at 100 meters, and the rate of glycolysis didn’t reach its peak until 300 meters.
Unfortunately, and found 400 intervals with only three minutes of rest (a workout only a complete masochist would enjoy) to be the best workout to build up a muscular tolerance to acidity.
Intervals over 400-meter were ineffective because creatine phosphate levels were too low for any real benefit.
I hope that all of this hasn’t confused you.
In essence, Finn’s research helped Anderson conclude that a good 400 training program needs the following:
- 100s run at close to full speed with full recoveries (5-8 minutes)
- 300s run at close to full speed with full recoveries (8 minutes or longer)
- 400s run at close to full speed with short recoveries (3 minutes)
These guidelines offer quarter milers a scientific roadmap to design an effective workout program, but it is not written in stone anywhere that you should only run 100s, 300s, and 400-meter training.
They taught me to run 350s for time and then add 7 seconds early in the season and 6 seconds late to get my equivalent 400 times.
This technique allows you to run more relaxed in training since you don’t have the final painful 50 meters of the 400 looming in the back of your mind.
Over the past few years, I have consulted with Brooks Johnson, the former US Olympic coach, whose training philosophies almost mirror Owen Anderson’s. In a nutshell, Johnson’s sprint theories are the following:
- Speed is a runner’s greatest asset and should be trained from day one. Athletes need to train at speeds faster than race pace so that race pace becomes their “comfort zone.” Two-speed workouts per week are recommended for 400 runners. Example: (6X30m w/370 walk/jog rec.)
- Train to increase your lactic acid tolerance and base twice a week. Example: (6X300 in sets of 2 with a quick 100m jog recovery. Allow full recovery between sets.)
- And should train the oxygen system once per week. Example: (20-minute easy jog followed by 20 minutes of easy form strides)
- Athletes should take two days off per week to allow their bodies to recuperate from training fully. The conclusions of the Finnish study dovetail with the proven training techniques of the four coaches quoted here. With the resources available, you should be able to construct a solid training program. I have constructed a few sample weekly programs below to get you started.
400-Meter Training Early Season
- Mon 3-4 X 300 w/full rec.
- Tue 7-8 X 100 w/full rec.
- Wed 20 minute easy jog w/20 minutes of easy strides
- Thu rest
- Fri 6 X 30 w/370 jog rec. & 3 X 100 w/300 jog rec.
- Sat 2 sets of 300-jog-100-300 or 3-4 X 350 w/3 min. Rec.
- Sun rest
400-Meter Training Mid Season (lacking speed)
- Mon 2 sets of 300-100jog-300
- Tue 8-10 X 100 w/5 min. Rec.
- Wed 20 min. easy jog w/20 min. of easy strides
- Thu 6-12 X 30m w/370 jog or walk rec.
- Fre rest
- Sat race
- Sun rest
400 Meter Training Mid Season (lacking stamina)
- Mon 2 sets of 300-100jog-300
- Tue 8-10 X 100 w/5 min. Rec.
- Wed 20 min. easy jog w/20 min. of strides
- Thu 2-3 X 350 w/3 min. Rec.
- Fri rest
- Sat race
- Sun rest
400 Meter Training Peaking Season
- Mon 2 sets of 300-100jog-300 or 3X 350 w/3 min. Rec.
- Tue 20 min. easy jog w/20 min. of strides
- Wed 3-4 X 150 w/full rec.
- The 6 X 30 w/370 walk rec.
- Fri rest
- Sat race
- Sun rest
- Anderson, O., Ph.D. (1992). Step by Step Through 400 Meters: Understanding the process can help your training and racing. Running Research News, Volume 8, Number 6, 5-7.
- Johnson, B. (1995) Coaches Notebook.
400m Training Part 2 How to Decrease 400m Time
As far as 400-meter training, google Clyde Hart, arguably the best 400 coach in the world. Consequently, his runners have ranked #1 in the world 16 out of the last 21 years. They are now one and three on the all-time world list and have won 3 of the last 4 Olympics (finishing second in the other) and 6 of the last 8 World Championships.
While another of his athletes won the last World Championship (I wrote this In July of 2011), this is his seminar.
Strategy for 400-meter training
Reach race speed as early as possible in first 50m cruise to 200m then accelerate steadily next 100m and hold form for last 100m Workouts done to rehearse strategy called EVENT workouts 3 x (350m rest 1min 100) 5min rest Event 300s
Which were run with first 50m very quick but then relaxing to go through the first 200m and then the last 100 all-out rest 10 min between, shorten later to maybe 5 min? Hence aim to have consistent stride frequency and length for the duration of the race – not a long stride at the end, allow a shorter stride to happen but maintain cadence.
Improved by Strength Endurance Upper body strength from exercises like running arms with good form 5 x 15 each arm with 30s rest.
Do two aerobic runs a week, 20-45min max. This was for the first 3 weeks mostly, but the offseason was usually 6 weeks.
Longer reps 2 x 800m or 3 x 600m rest 15min
Common key workout In pre-season
- 3 x 350m rest 5min, later in the season it becomes 3 x 350m rest 3min, every 50m at the same speed.
- One Speed workout was called 60 -40m
- 2 sets of 2 laps of 60m at 95% slow down 40m then pitter-patter jog 40m than 60m at 95%
- 40m slowdown – pitter-patter jog 40m. rest between sets 5min
- Speedwork often was 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 on the bend with full recoveries.
Three Gym sessions a week, usually in the morning from about 9 am till 10 am – over in an hour. On any day, sometimes done Mon-Tue-Wed or spread out in a week.
Weights are general all bodywork with short recoveries and usually 3 sets of 10, restless than
1 min, maybe 30 sec. No squats, no Olympic lifts, Also did a good variety of core work, e.g., 3 x 30m sit-ups 1 min rest Gym did not change in format throughout the season No hefty lifting, make lunges.
- 4 laps jog straight – run bends
- Stretch 30min
- Drills 4-5 x 30m over a speed ladder with fast cadence.
This Michael believed was a significant effect on his turnover. These were done with a flattish footed contact, not with feet pointing down and a quick recovery. Buildups sometimes, for example, 3 x 150m with each 50m quicker.
- Competition Warm-up
- 4 laps as usual
- Stretch 30min
- 3 x 100m – first moderate, harder, fast with full recoveries
- A few pre-race drills
At the Competition
- Expect the unexpected
- Train the mind to control the body in competition in a way that is wanted.
- 60m & over was at 95% – never 100%.
and did longer work for stimulus, not for race pace rehearsal, so nearly all were at paces slower than race.
6 x 100m at 95% non-timed from standing start rest 5 min
Better to undertrain than overtrain
- Workout Accuracy
cones every 50m – beeper sounded at set intervals – athlete ran each 50m at the same speed. – Be on the buzzer
- Standing starts
- Workouts are done at times planned, not faster – not slower.
Important not to go faster than predetermined targets, even with 200s in 32s!!
Annual Plan: The program includes a plan that divides:
- Off-season – 6 weeks (first 3 weeks on grass)
- Early season
- Late Season
The program is similar all year round:
- Monday – Tempo 200s starting with more at 32s and progressing to less late in the year in 25s
- Tue – long reps starting at 2 x 800m progressing to 2 x 450
- Wed – 350m reps x 2-3 – improving in speed
- Thu- hills, speed or event-specific
- Fri – similar to Thurs
- Sat – similar to Thurs
- Refreshing Base
The coach needs to decide when to refresh the base by going back slightly from quality to quantity, even if just for a week or two mid-seasons, important not to take too much from the base.
- Clyde Harts Monday 200m Repeats (pinoyathletics.com)
Clyde Harts Monday 200m Repeats
From Speed Endurance.com
With September around the corner, I wanted to review one of the more famous Clyde Harts’s “Monday” workouts.
It’s the 200-meter repeats. Now, any clown with a whistle and clipboard (**cough cough Coach Al cough cough**) can dish out a workout.
But I believe in asking questions first.
Why are you doing this workout?
In short, the answer is how much, how fast, how much recovery.
In Clyde Hart’s example, he believes that the faster you go with shorter recovery, go fewer in volume.
And I mean short.
If you don’t have your aerobic conditioning in place before showing up, believe me, you will rediscover it quickly.
He likes to start his season with 15 x 200m (i.e., 3000m total volume) in about 35 seconds with 2 min 20-sec recovery.
Women are about 3 seconds slower.
As the season progresses, you get down to 5 x 200m with only 1 min 40-sec recovery for regular College guys.
But of course, Michael Johnson is no ordinary human.
His goal was in 3 x 200m with 1 min 30-sec recovery.
If you want to get a logical overview of the repeat 200’s, here it is presented in a chart.
400-meter training: Historical Approach to the 400 Meter Dash
400m Round 1, Heat 2 (Photo credit: Sum_of_Marc)
Many long sprint coaches have either heard about or believed in philosophy similar to this one:
Above all, 400-meter training should be broken into four segments, 100 meters each. Every 100 meters is run a certain way, especially the first three. I tell runners to run the first three my way and the last 100 their own way.
In contrast, I have them run the first 100 very fast. Hence they learn to come off the first curve as relaxed as possible. They run the backstretch without slowing down, yet without using up too much energy.
The key is the third 100. This is where too many people slow down.
Drill into your runners that they must start to work again when they hit that second curve. Everybody seems to think this is the place to slow down, so they will have the power to come off that last curve and kick the straightaway.
However, there isn’t anybody going to kick in on the last straightaway because fatigue is setting in. Teach your 400 athletes to run that second curve hard. Also, this is not easy to teach. Work on this all year long, relaxing in that second curve and in that second curve running it fast.
In conclusion, many track coaches have agreed with this assessment of the 400-meter dash for well over twenty-five years.
If we asked coaches today what they observe when high school athletes run this event, they will note a clear slowing down at the 200-meter mark.
Hence, as a result, they will tell their athletes to run “fast but relaxed” through the curve, and they will also say something about maintaining form in the final 100 meters.
400 Meter Training Schedule of Mark Richardson
Mark Ashton Richardson (born 26 July 1972) is a former British athlete who competed mainly in the 400 meters.
He competed for Great Britain in the 1996 Summer Olympics held in Atlanta, the United States, in the 4 x 400-meter relay, where he won the silver medal with his teammates Iwan Thomas, Jamie Baulch, and Roger Black. This team set a UK record, 2:56.60, in the process.
At the 1997 World Championships in Athens, Richardson quickly ran the anchor leg for Great Britain in the 4x400m relay, winning the silver medal.
His unofficial split time was 43.5. On the 7th January 2010, and announced that Great Britain’s 1997 World Championship 4x400m relay team is to be awarded the gold medal they were beaten to by a U.S. team, including Antonio Pettigrew, who admitted in 2008 to using performance-enhancing drugs. .
Richardson’s official personal best in the 400m was 44.47.
.Below article is from peakperformance.com
400 Meter Training Schedule
Mark Richardson was asked in the spring if Michael Johnson could be beaten. He hesitated, and then replied: ‘Well, not at this point in time. He’s untouchable, but in future years it’s a goal to work on’. Who would have thought that just a few weeks on from that, he would actually beat ‘the untouchable’ (though admittedly he lost when the two met again shortly after)?
Besides, Richardson was a member of the British 4 x 400m team that finished second behind the Americans in the 1997 World Champs and the ’96 Olympics. At the Worlds, he finished fourth in the final of the individual event, beating new British record holder Iwan Thomas. Now that he has one win over Johnson under his belt, he could well challenge him for gold at Sydney 2000
Above all, Richardson was asked about his training schedule, how he prepared for competition, and what diet he followed, as well as about vitamins and supplements, and watched one of his track workouts. Here is what he said.
To read the full article, click here
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